Automated Classification of Overfitting Patches with Statically Extracted Code


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Authors: He Ye; Jian Gu; Matias Martinez; Thomas Durieux; Martin Monperrus
Contact: heye@kth.se - KTH Royal Institute of Technology School of Computer Science and Communication, 156318 Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden
Publication: IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering - Article link

Abstract:
Automatic program repair (APR) aims to reduce the cost of manually fixing software defects. However, APR suffers from generating a multitude of overfitting patches, those patches that fail to correctly repair the defect beyond making the tests pass. This paper presents a novel overfitting patch detection system called ODS to assess the correctness of APR patches. ODS first statically compares a patched program and a buggy program in order to extract code features at the abstract syntax tree (AST) level. Then, ODS uses supervised learning with the captured code features and patch correctness labels to automatically learn a probabilistic model. The learned ODS model can then finally be applied to classify new and unseen program repair patches. We conduct a large-scale experiment to evaluate the effectiveness of ODS on patch correctness classification based on 10,302 patches from Defects4J, Bugs.jar and Bears benchmarks. The empirical evaluation shows that ODS is able to correctly classify 71.9% of program repair patches from 26 projects, which improves the state-of-the-art. ODS is applicable in practice and can be employed as a post-processing procedure to classify the patches generated by different APR systems.

Ref: H. Ye, J. Gu, M. Martinez, T. Durieux and M. Monperrus, "Automated Classification of Overfitting Patches with Statically Extracted Code Features," in IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, doi: 10.1109/TSE.2021.3071750.

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